Unlike all other wild cattle, lowland anoas are usually solitary. Mother and daughter pairs are common, and a few reports of small herds consisting of up to five individuals have been recorded. There is evidence that anoas are territorial, as males have been seen marking trees with their horns and scratching the soil after urinating. Lowland anoas are most active in the morning and afternoon, and frequently wallow in mud and water. Wild lowland anoas can be very aggressive toward humans, especially young male anoas and female anoas with offspring.
- Anoa is the Sulawesi word for buffalo
- Lowland anoas have been known to drink sea water, which is thought to fulfill their mineral needs in areas that do not have salt licks or mineral spring water